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Maps of this Canary Islands drawn by William Dampier during his voyage to New Holland in 1699.

Following the conquest, the Castilians imposed a new financial model, centered on single-crop cultivation: very first sugar cane; then wine, an important product of trade with England. In this age, the very first organizations of colonial government had been created. Both Gran Canaria and Tenerife, a colony that is spanish 1495, had split governors.

The urban centers of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife became a stopping point for the Spanish conquerors, traders, and missionaries on their method to the latest World. This trade path brought prosperity that is great a few of the social sectors associated with the islands. The islands became quite rich and soon were merchants that are attracting adventurers from all over European countries. Magnificent palaces and churches had been built on the area of La Palma with this busy, prosperous duration. The Church of El Salvador survives among the island's best examples of the architecture regarding the 1500s.

The Canaries' wealth invited attacks by pirates and privateers. Ottoman Turkish privateer and admiral Kemal Reis ventured into the Canaries in 1501, while Murat Reis the Elder grabbed Lanzarote in 1585.

The most attack that is severe place in 1599, through the Dutch War of Independence. A Dutch fleet of 74 ships and 12,000 men, commanded by Johan Van der Does, attacked the capital, Las Palmas, which was home to gran that is nearly half's population). The Castillo was attacked by the Dutch de la Luz, which guarded the harbor. The Canarians evacuated civilians from the populous town, therefore the Castillo surrendered ( not the city). The Dutch moved inland, but Canarian cavalry drove them back again to Tamaraceite, near the town.
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Opposition to Franco's regime did not begin to arrange before the belated 1950s, which experienced an upheaval of parties such as the Communist Party of Spain plus the development of varied nationalist, leftist events.
Present day
Parliament of the Canary Islands

After the death of Franco there was clearly a pro-independence armed movement based in Algeria, the MPAIAC. There are many pro-independence political events, like the CNC while the Popular Front of this Canary Islands, but not one of them freely demands an struggle that is armed. Their popular support is insignificant, with no presence in either the parliament that is autonomous the cabildos insulares.

After the establishment of a democratic monarchy that is constitutional Spain, autonomy ended up being provided towards the Canaries, by a law passed away in 1982. In 1983, the very first autonomous elections were held, and were won by the Socialist that is spanish workers Party (PSOE). In the autonomous elections of 2007, the PSOE gained a plurality of seats, nevertheless the nationalist Canarian Coalition therefore the Partido that is conservative PopularPP) formed a ruling coalition government. [9]
Federal government and politics

The Autonomous Community of this Canary Islands is comprised of two provinces of Spain, Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife, whose capitals (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife) are co-capitals regarding the autonomous community. Each one of the seven major islands is ruled by an area council referred to as cabildo insular.